WORK IN PROGRESS ON A REGIONAL FAO PROJECT

The Ministry of Agriculture and Environment Protection of Turkmenistan, in cooperation with the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of United Nations, is implementing a regional project “Integrated natural resources management in drought-prone and salt-affected agricultural production systems in Central Asia and Turkey”. As part of the implementation of this project, on February 10 of this year, a video conference was held on the topic “Integrated management of natural resources and sustainable land management”.

The videoconference was attended by representatives of the Mejlis of Turkmenistan, the Ministry of Agriculture and Environment Protection of Turkmenistan, the Ministry of finance and economy, the State Committee for Water Management, the Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs, khyakimliks of Ahal and Dashoguz Provinces, teachers from the Turkmen Agricultural Institute and the Turkmen Agricultural University named after S.A. Niyazov.

The meeting was opened by B. Berdiev, Head of the Department for International Environmental Cooperation and Project Coordination of the Ministry of Agriculture and Environment Protection of Turkmenistan. He spoke about the achievements of agricultural science in the world, the priorities of cooperation with FAO in the consistent and effective application of the best production practices of developed countries in the agriculture of our country, including promoting the development of agriculture and solving food security issues.

Then, the national manager of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), R. Hanekov spoke about the goals, structure and activities of the project in our country in 2020.

During the meeting, national project experts S. Veisov and K. Ovezmuradov in their speeches discussed the geographic and natural features of the project in Turkmenistan for 2021, depending on the geographical and natural features of the project, for the mountainous region “Yenish” farmer association of the Baharden etrap of Ahal Province, for the deserted land the “Yerbent” farmer association of the Ak bugdai etrap of Ahal Province, for the irrigated area the “N. Andalyp” farmer association of the Gurbansoltan eje etrap of the Dashoguz Province. The project outlines steps to be taken in the area of sustainable land management in drylands and the use of preventive measures to warn about climate-related drought hazards. In irrigated lands, the creation of seedlings that are intended for salt-tolerant plants and the cultivation of local desert seedlings in test plots and from grown local and shrub trees, embodiment in reforestation through the use of cultivated seedlings, the creation of additional fields for watering fruit trees through a drip irrigation system, and irrigation fields of fruit trees, wells for irrigating pastures, leveling soils with the help of a laser, introducing technologies for the productivity of desert lands, strengthening landslides in settlements, increasing the national craft for the production of woolen products, landscaping degraded and arable lands, an unsuitable crop rotation was noted that the project is planned for implementation. On the basis of the project, the creation of a nursery for the cultivation of fruit and wild fruit trees in the mountain test area, reforestation through the use of cultivated seedlings, the creation of additional fields for watering fruit trees through a drip irrigation system, and irrigation of fruit tree fields. Creation of a nursery for the cultivation of salt-tolerant plants in irrigated areas, restoration of forests from local and shrub trees, landslides with the use of laser levelers, National project manager R. Hanekov noted that the regional project, together with the Turkmen Agricultural Institute, includes a number of projects, including the development of saline soils by planting salt-tolerant plants in the Dashoguz Province.

During the videoconference, the participants stressed the importance of the planned activities in the above-mentioned areas, to development of agriculture in our country and sustainable land management.

Shatlyk PYGAMOV,
Teacher of the Department of Agricultural land reclamation